The Compilation of Federal Collateral Consequences (CFCC) is a searchable online database of the restrictions and disqualifications imposed by federal statutes and regulations because of an individual’s criminal record. Included in the CFCC are laws authorizing or requiring criminal background checks as a condition of accessing specific federal benefits or opportunities.
This newly developed tool allows individuals to identify federal collateral consequences based on the people, activities or rights affected; to access complete and current statutory and regulatory text detailing the operation of each consequence; and, to explore the relationship between consequences and their implementing regulations, and among different consequences.
The CFCC data is derived from the National Inventory of the Collateral Consequences of Conviction (NICCC), a database originally compiled by the American Bar Association under a grant from the National Institute of Justice pursuant to the Court Security Act of 2007. The NICCC itself is currently hosted by the Council of State Governments on the website of the National Reentry Resource Center.
In developing the CFCC we streamlined and restructured the NICCC data, reorganizing it into keyword categories for easier user access, and combining overlapping and duplicative entries. We omitted potentially misleading interpretations and lengthy textual excerpts in favor of links to the full current version of the law or rule. At the same time, we updated the NICCC data to reflect laws enacted and rules adopted in the past two years.
The most important new feature of the CFCC is the addition of a comprehensive set of searchable “Keywords” that allow users to zero in on consequences of interest with a high degree of precision and accuracy.
The result is a tool for practitioners and researchers that we believe will be more useful, easier to operate and understand, and more current and reliable.
The CFCC represents just the beginning of what we envision as a much larger project. We are currently developing state-specific compilations using the same platform and will be rolling those out as they are completed. Our Wisconsin compilation is already available through the Wisconsin State Public Defender’s website. A similar database developed for the Vermont Attorney General is scheduled to launch this summer.